25 June 21
Have you been reading about superyachts and found words that you weren’t quite familiar with?
Fortunately, Alexander Marine Australia is here to explain all the technical wording for you.
ABAFT – Toward the rear or stern of the boat
ABEAM – At right angles to the keel of the boat, but not on the boat.
ABOARD – On or within the boat.
ABOVE DECK – On the deck - but NOT over it
ABREAST – by the side of the boat
ADRIFT – Loose, not on moorings or towline.
AFT – An area towards the stern of the boat
AFT CABIN - Sleeping quarters below the aft/rear section. This can sometimes be referred to as the mid cabin if it is located below the helm.
AFT DECK – The deck which you’ll find towards the stern of the boat
ALOFT - Above deck in the rigging or mast.
AMIDSHIPS - The area which is in the centre of the yacht.
ANCHORAGE – A place suitable for anchoring in relation to the wind, seas and bottom.
ANCHOR BALL – a black ball which shows the yacht is anchored.
ANTI-FOULING PAINT - a paint which is applied in order to avoid marine growth on the yacht.
APPARENT WIND - The speed of the wind as it is felt within a moving yacht.
ASTERN - The direction toward or beyond the back of the boat (stern).
AWEIGH - An anchor that is off the bottom.
BACKSTAY - Support for the mast which prevents it from falling forward
BAREBOAT - A yacht that is chartered without a crew.
BASE CHARTER RATE - How much you pay when you charter a boat, minus extra expenses.
BEAM - The widest point of the yacht.
BEAR OFF - Turning away from the wind.
BEATING - To sail upwind.
BERTH - This can have numerous meanings:
Either a cabin or other place to sleep aboard a boat
A boat slip at a dock where the boat can be moored.
BOW - The front of a yacht
BOWLINE - A knot which creates a temporary loop at the end of a line
BUOY - A floating object which is used for navigational purposes or for hazard warnings
CABIN – An area of the yacht for passengers or crew.
CAPSIZE – When the yacht is turned over
CAPSTAN – A large vertical winch used for anchors or mooring lines.
CAST OFF – To let go.
CHAFING GEAR – a covering which is placed over a line to prevent it from chafe.
CHART – A map for use by navigators.
CHARTER YACHT BROKER - those who specialise in booking personalised yacht vacations for clients
CHOCK – A guide for a mooring line
CLOVE HITCH – A knot which is used to temporarily fasten a line to a spar.
COAMING – A vertical piece around the edge of a cockpit which prevents the water on deck from running below.
COCKPIT – The outdoor area of the yacht; an area where the captain may steer the boat.
COIL – Placing a line down in circular turns
COURSE – The direction in which a boat is steered.
CUDDY – A small shelter cabin within the yacht.
CURRENT – The horizontal movement of the ocean.
DECK - The permanent covering over the hull
DINGHY - A smaller boat that a yacht tows, which is used for transfers to and from shore.
DISPLACEMENT - The weight of water displaced by a hull
DOCK - An area where the vessels are moored
DRAFT - The depth of water a boat draws
FATHOM - six feet
FIGURE EIGHT KNOT - A knot in rope which forms the figure eight. This is often found at the end of the line and prevents the line from passing through a block.
FLEET - A group of yachts managed by the same company
FLOTILLA - A group of yachts that are cruising together
FORWARD - An area toward the bow of the boat
FOULED - equipment which is jammed, tangled or dirty
FURLING - Folding or rolling a sail on its boom
GALLEY - the cooking area of the boat
GEAR - equipment which is used on the yacht, including ropes, blocks and tackles.
GRAB RAILS - Fittings which are mounted on the top and side of cabins which help ensure the personal safety of persons on the yacht.
GULF - A sizeable amount of ocean almost surrounded by land, with a narrow mouth
GYBE - changing course of the boat by swinging the sail across a following wind. Also spelled jibe.
HALYARD - a rope used to hoist a sail
HARBOUR - An area which yachts moor
HATCH - An opening within the boat’s deck which has a watertight cover
HEAD - Toilet room
HEEL - temporarily leaning to one side
HULL - the main body of the vessel
INBOARD - an engine which is in the yacht, instead of being attached to a stern
JETTY - A structure which protrudes from the shore
JIB - A triangular sail project which is ahead of the mast
JIBE - See gybe.
KEEL - the centreline of a boat
KNOT - Boat speed; this is measured in nauticles miles per hour
KNOT - A fastening on a rope which forms a loop, ties two objets together
LATITUDE - The distance north of south of the equator
LEE - The side which is furthest away from the wind
LEEWARD - The side which is sheltered from the wind
LEEWAY - When the boat moves sideways due to wind or current
LINE - Rope used on the yacht
LOG - A record of operations
LONGITUDE - The distance east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England
LUFF - The forward part of the sail
LUXURY YACHT - A large, luxurious yacht
MAINSAIL - The largest sail found on a sailboat
MAIN SALON - The main indoor guest area on a yacht
MAKE FAST - securing a line
MARINA - A place where yachts dock
MAST - A vertical spar which supports sails
MASTER CABIN - The biggest cabin which you will find onboard a yacht
MEGAYACHT - A large, luxury motor yacht
MOORING - Securing a yacht or boat to a buoy or pier
NAUTICAL MILE - A unit used to measure distances at sea - this is equal to 1,852 metres.
NAUTICAL CHART - Maps used for sea navigation
NAVIGATION - Conducting a boat safely from one point to another
OVERBOARD - Out of or over the side of the boat
PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICE - A safety vest or jacket which is used to keep a person afloat
PIER - A platform which protrudes from the shore, generally at an angle
PILING - Protection from wharves and piers
PLANNING HULL - A type of hull which is shaped to glide easily across the water, particularly at high speeds
PORT - a commercial dock for boats
QUARTER - The sides of a boat aft of amidships
REACH - To sail across the wind
REEFING - Reining in the sails when there are strong winds
RIGID INFLATABLE BOAT (RIB) - An inflatable boat which is often used as a dinghy
ROPE - When a rope is aboard a vessel, it becomes referred to as a line
RUDDER - A board for steering a boat
RUN - A line which is allowed to run freely
SAILING YACHT - A yacht whose primary method of propulsion is sailing
SATELLITE NAVIGATION - Position finding using radio transmissions from satellites
SCREW - A boat’s propeller
SEAMANSHIP - The skills of boat handling
SEAWORTHY - A boat which is able to meet the usual sea conditions
SECURE - To make fast
SET - Direction the current flows
SHIP - A larger vessel which is generally used for ocean travel. A ship is able to carry a boat on board.
SKY LOUNGE - The indoor guest area within a luxury yacht
SLACK - To loosen
SOLE - Cabin floor
SQUARE KNOT - A knot which is used to join two lines of similar size
STEM - The forward section of the hull
STERN - The back portion of the boat
STOW - To return an item in its correct place
SWIM PLATFORM - The area at the back of yacht which you are able to go swimming
TACK - The lower corner of a sail
TANDEM CHARTER - A charter which includes more than one yacht
TIDE - The rise and fall of water levels in the ocean
TRUE WIND - The direction and velocity of the wind measured on land, distinct from apparent wind which is how it appears on a moving yacht
TWIN CABIN - A yacht which features two twin beds
V BOTTOM - A hull where the bottom section is in the shape of a ‘V’
VIP CABIN - The second-best cabin on a yacht
WAKE - The path the yacht leaves behind it when sailing across waters
WATERLINE - The intersection of the hull and the surface of the water
WAYPOINT - Coordinates of a specific location
WEIGH - Raising the anchor
WINDWARD - Towards the direction which the wind is coming
YACHT - A sailing boat which is designed for pleasure, which will generally range in size from 40 to 100+ ft long
YAW - Veer off course
ZERO-SPEED STABILISERS - A sophisticated type of motor yacht stabiliser which keeps the yacht from rolling both underway and at the achor, significantly improving their comfort.